The Humphrey Chadbourne Archaeology Site

A Selection of artifacts

Over 15, 000 artifacts have been recovered to date from the site.
Below are photos of some of those finds, taken before conservation.
These and other objects are now on exhibit at Old Berwick Historical Society's Counting House Museum.

Double-click on an object to see an enlarged photo.


A piece of a saw blade, recycled as structural hardware. It is almost certainly from the adjacent Chadbourne saw mill on the Great Works River. The mill was a principal source of the Chadbourne's wealth. Once worn out, saw blades were often reused. For example, in the neighboring town of York, the Old Gaol (built in 1719) has a section of saw blade that was used as chimney flashing. 

An elaborately decorated door hinge, known as a cockshead hinge, from its shape, which is suggestive of four cocks' heads, complete with beak, comb, and jutting chest. 

Door hardware. The pintle and hinge are from the door to the first bulkhead. The door lock and pull are most likely from the front door. They were found in the bulkhead. 

  This window lead is marked with the date "1664." Found in the parlor cellar, not far from a brick bat  marked "64," They are positive indicators for the date of construction of the parlor, which is included in Humphrey Chadbourne's 1667 probate inventory. 

  Brick bat marked "64," found in the parlor cellar, not far from the above window lead dated 1664.

  Clay tobacco pipes are common on the site. Several here are marked "LE" for Llewellen Evans, a Bristol, England pipe maker. 

A burned redware cup, found in situ in the lean-to, in a room probably serving as the kitchen when the house burned in 1690. 

A range of tools have been found on site, including a hammer, axe, and a saw blade. 

  Two date three pair of iron scissors have been found, and several buckles, including these fancy brass ones. These objects, along with buttons, and straight pins attest to the clothes making and clothes repair going on at the Chadbourne homestead.

  Parts of a mirror with ivory handle, a deocrative piece of ivory, a bone comb, and a fancy button.

  This decorated brass spur is another indication of the wealth and status of the Chadbourne family. Only about half of the families in seventeenth-century Maine even owned a horse. 

  An S-hook, a length of chain, two harness buckles, an ox shoe, and part of an ox jaw are all indicative of how imporant oxen were to the the Chadbournes. Humphrey Chadbourne's 1667 probate inventory included several pair of oxen, as well as the yokes and chains to harness them. Oxen would have been essential for hauling logs to the saw mill. 

  Two iron bales (or handles). The smaller one is probably from a copper pot, while the larger one is from a copper kettle. 


                                                                 back to Chadbourne Site Home Page    back to History Department Home Page
back to Salem State College Home Page