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CHADBOURNE SITE TOOLS

The Chadbourne site was a busy work environment, this is reflected in the wide range of tools excavated at the site. All tools are shown following conservation.
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Click on an  image to view a larger photo of the tool
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horseshoe and spur

Horse shoe and brass spur. Several horse shoes have been found at the site, including this one, that was found next to door hardware, next to the sill of the lean-to doorway. Presumably it was nailed above the door to ward off evil.

                                 Brass spur
Side view of spur seen above. Horses were a rare luxury in early Maine, were there were few roads and oxen served as draft animals. So, this highly decorated brass spur must have been a very clear indicator of the wealth and power of the Chadbourne family. An iron spur with brass rowell has also been recovered from the site.
    hoe and scythe
Hoe and fragments of scythe blade. This is one of two hoes that were found amid the pile of scrap iron, at the bottom of the cellar stairs.

     chain and S hook

Chain  and S hook.  Chains and hooks would have been used extensively at the Chadbourne site for the teams of oxen hauling logs and lumber. Humphrey Chadbourne's 1667 probate inventory included five teams of oxen.
                   hammers

Hammers. A total of three hammers have been recovered from the site.
                 sawmill blades
Saw blades from the Chadbourne saw mill. The top blade was recovered from the pile of scrap iron at the bottom of the cellar stairs. The bottom section has a 90 degree angle, and was deliberately bent for reuse as a structural element of the Chadbourne house.
               collars
Two collars. A series of collars have been found at the site, mostly in the pile of scrap iron.It is possible these collars were part of the saw mill hardware.
                    whetstone and file
Section of a file and a broken whetstone. Saw mill blades required almost constant sharpening. Several whetstones have been recovered from the site. A preshistoric ground stone gouge, recovered from the floor of the cellar, may also have been used as a whetstone.


 
draw knife



Draw knife. At 22" this is a very long draw knife. Draw knives were critical to many wooodworking activites, such as the making of barrel staves and pipe staves.
adze

Adze.